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Connected and autonomous vehicles: The emerging legal challenges

We published our first edition of this paper two years ago and in that short time we have already seen significant developments across the sector both in terms of the technologies and the regulatory frameworks.


It is estimated that the market for connected cars in the UK will more than triple between 2017 and 2021 and that 100% of cars will be network-connectedby 2025.

From personal computers to smartphones, we have become accustomed to technology transforming our everyday activities. The effects of these changes have been dramatic and far reaching. Business models have been disrupted, customers’ behaviour has changed and regulators and law makers have struggled to keep up with the pace of change in relationships and responsibilities among those they regulate.

We are now facing another potentially dramatic transformation in a familiar aspect of our lives with the development of CAVs.

As well as disrupting car manufacturers’ business models and revenue streams, autonomous vehicles, and the shift in liability they bring, could require a wholesale rewriting of road traffic law, insurance provisions and contractual relationships across the supply chain. All this brings potentially complex legal changes and challenges, as well as a great deal of uncertainty.

In this report, our lawyers across Europe consider some of the key commercial, regulatory and legal issues surrounding the development of CAVs. We seek to help those involved navigate through this fast changing and uncertain world.

We are fortunate to have further insight from the PETRAS Internet of Things Research Hub, Bosch, Starship Technologies and Warwick Manufacturing Group. We are very grateful for all of their contributions and insights.

Download the report

Key Contacts