Infrastructure law expert Robbie Owen of Pinsent Masons, the law firm behind Out-Law, said that an integrated approach on housing and infrastructure from the government was "essential".
"The government can't simply press pause on the housing crisis while it attempts to tackle Brexit - over one million homes are needed in the Oxford to Cambridge Arc alone," said Owen, who is part of the steering group that contributed to the report. "Work is urgently needed on a series of policy and legislative changes that are fundamental to sorting the crisis out."
"In his spending round last week, the chancellor called for an 'infrastructure revolution', but made no reference or commitments to housing, an indivisible part of our national infrastructure but too often seen by past governments as a matter for localism and local authorities, which then fail to deliver. This very welcome report shows that the chancellor's ambition is supported, but government has to put housing at the heart of its strategy to develop sustainable communities. We need clarity on planning, funding, delivery mechanisms, the quality of existing housing stock and modern methods of construction," he said.
The report recommends that the role of England's regional transport bodies should be expanded to incorporate other economic infrastructure and their interactions with housing. These new 'subnational infrastructure bodies' should be tasked with creating integrated regional infrastructure strategies that incorporate housing, which in turn should feed into the National Infrastructure Strategy. The report recommends that the 'mature' transport bodies – Transport for the North, Midlands Connect and England's Economic Heartland – should take on this new role first.
The DCO process should be amended so that it can be used to more quickly deliver large-scale housing developments of 5,000 homes or more where appropriate, according to the report. The UK government must also follow through with the previous administration's commitment to develop a 'strategic infrastructure tariff', allowing local authorities to pool resources to fund specific shared infrastructure projects.
ICE recommends that the government extend the Housing Infrastructure Fund, which allows local authorities in England to bid for funding for housing-related infrastructure, beyond 2023-24. The government should also replace the current system of 'bidding rounds' with a continuous programme of funding. The Scottish Housing Infrastructure Fund, Rural Housing Fund and Islands Housing Fund should also be extended, while the Welsh government should consider establishing a similar fund.
The NIC charter should be amended so that it explicitly includes housing in its remit, which would require the NIC to consider housing implications during future reports to the government. ICE has also recommended that the NIC identify options for future-proofing new housing developments, ensuring that decisions are strongly linked to the future of transport, water, energy and digital infrastructure, as part of its next formal National Infrastructure Assessment.