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Out-Law News 2 min. read

CBI: UK infrastructure bank will encourage private investment

Significant private sector investment will be required to deliver the infrastructure that the UK has committed to as part of its Covid-19 recovery plans, an industry body has said.

The CBI, in a new report (56-page / 1.6MB PDF), has made a number of recommendations to the government to encourage more private investment into UK infrastructure. They include prioritising the creation of a new 'UK infrastructure bank', as part of a larger investment institution, as a replacement for the European Investment Bank (EIB) should the UK lose access following the end of the Brexit transition period.

The recommendations also include greater operational independence for the National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) and Infrastructure and Projects Authority (IPA), which would allow them to hold the government to account on infrastructure delivery. The government's National Infrastructure and Construction Pipeline should be used to more clearly outline the projects for which the government is seeking private investment, along with the private finance delivery model it is seeking to use.

Watson Michael

Michael Watson

Partner, Head of Climate and Sustainability Advisory

Given the positive impact infrastructure investment and development has on stimulating economic growth and addressing the productivity challenge, the question is really whether the UK can afford not to fund it.

UK prime minister Boris Johnson has reiterated the government's commitment to driving infrastructure delivery despite the constraints on public finances caused by the pandemic. In its March 2020 Budget, the government pledged to spend over £600 billion on infrastructure in the next five years.

Finance and projects expert Michael Watson of Pinsent Masons, the law firm behind Out-Law, said that the CBI's report was "thorough and excellent".

"The report identifies the significant - indeed, unprecedented during peacetime - challenge facing the public finances and identifies the impact that has on the prospect of infrastructure investment and financing," he said.

"The government cannot afford to fund the expected pipeline of projects. The report identifies that, given the positive impact infrastructure investment and development has on stimulating economic growth and addressing the productivity challenge, the question is really whether the UK can afford not to," he said.

According to the report, the pandemic has had little impact on the level of private sector capital available to fund infrastructure. Institutional investors remain focused on long-term, stable returns on pension fund and insurance investments, and the UK's current historically low interest rate environment makes financing more attractive.

However, challenges to increased private sector investment in infrastructure remain, in particular cumulative prudential regulation and a lack of clarity on the pipeline of upcoming projects requiring private investment. There is also a need to rebuild public trust in private investment in national infrastructure; something which the industry cannot do alone, according to the CBI.

The CBI's central recommendation is the creation of an "enabling institutional framework" to mitigate against the potential loss of UK participation in the EIB. Businesses view the EIB as a "useful institution" which facilitates international participation in the UK infrastructure finance market, decreases risk to investors and provides cheap debt on projects, encouraging involvement from equity investors, the CBI said. The EIB is also able to provide early finance to otherwise viable projects in markets where little capital exists.

The UK is "actively exploring options for a future relationship" with the EIB, according to the government's recent Infrastructure Finance Review consultation. However, the CBI is concerned that, should these negotiations fall through, any replacement could take several years to establish.

Watson said: "The role and remit of any future infrastructure bank is critical. It should include focusing on genuinely 'crowding in' investment and not replacing it - there is plenty of finance available, but some market failures need to be addressed".

"Alongside stimulating and taking technology and process risk, the big opportunity is in relation to climate change mitigation. A new infrastructure bank could make a massive impact on climate change and sustainability, by driving forward and crowding in investment into projects and initiatives that are 'climate positive' but which would not, currently, represent commercially investable opportunities in standard financial investment terms. As energy transition accelerates, these projects will become investable by private sector investors - but until then, there is an opportunity for a new bank which is forward looking and able to accelerate the transition," he said.

Watson also welcomed the CBI's endorsement of the important role to be played by the IPA on future project delivery.

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